Are Swastikas Ever Not Offensive?

When he was living in Burma, graphic novelist Guy Delisle noticed quite a few swastikas. Indeed, much of South Asia is full of swastikas. It’s not because they’re Nazi sympathizers. The swastika was a south Asian symbol until the Nazis ripped them off.

Now imagine you’re visiting South Asia and see a group of natives strolling around in swastikas. How should you react – and what should you do? There are two main routes.

The Options

Route #1: After a swift negative visceral reaction, you remind yourself that they’re not Nazis and mean no offense. So you calm down and keep your complaints to yourself. Eventually, you hedonically adapt: swastikas stop bothering you, and the swastika-wearers live in happy ignorance of your initial offense.

Which is the better route? It’s partly a numbers game.Route #2: You allow your swift negative visceral reaction to blossom into seething resentment. Even if they’re not Nazis, they’re negligently hurting your feelings.  With anger as your muse, you shame the swastika-wearers: “Do you people have any idea how offensive that is?!” In all likelihood, they’ll be taken aback. After all, you’re just a stranger freaking out over a symbol they enjoy wearing. Maybe they’ll go out of their way to defy you. But even if you successfully shame them into burning all their swastikas, you had to badly upset a bunch of people who meant you no harm in order to get your way.

Which is the better route? It’s partly a numbers game. If there are a million Holocaust survivors and one oblivious swastika-wearing south Asian, expressing a little anger goes a long way. The complainer feels extra anger and the target feels extra shame, but 999,999 people have a more pleasant day.

If the numbers are more evenly matched, however, Route #1 is clearly superior. Why? Because it is a less circuitous, more reliable route to social harmony. In Route #1, people who take offense quietly calm themselves. In Route #2, people who take offense give into anger, which inspires conflict with the accused, who in turn feel some combination of sad and angry. If the sadness dominates, they probably stop;

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